Monitoring volcanic processes from orbit using thermal infrared (TIR) data has been ongoing from the earliest days of the satellite era. The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) instrument is one of six on the NOAA and NASA geostationary (GOES)-R Series satellites launched from 2016. Here, ABI data are used for volcanic hazard applications, in contrast to its primary application. The GOES Urgent Request Protocol (GEO-URP) System for Volcanic Observations was developed from the ASTER URP system.This enables near real-time monitoring, modeling, and forecasting of lava and ash/SO2 plumes at high temporal resolution. More information on the GEO-URP system and applications can be found here.
This project is funded though the NASA grant 80NSSC20K1336.